In November 2019, the research proposals of these highly promising projects were awarded funding. In these projects, research will be done into safeguarding public values in the design and use of new digital technology. The total amount awarded is 3.1 million euros.
1. Agency and Compliance by Design in Military AI Technologies
Designing International Law and Ethics into Military AI (DILEMA
Main applicant: Dr B. Boutin, University of Amsterdam
Partners: Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies (Geneva), PAX, Thales Nederland, The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies (HCSS), TNO
How can use be made of the advantages of artificial intelligence and military human-machine teaming within the boundaries of the constitutional state? The project focuses on the question as to how public values can be converted into policy options and technical solutions.
2. The Role and Responsibilities of Public Actors in Distributed Networks Transparency, Trust and Legitimacy by Design
Blockchain in the network society
Main applicant: Dr J. Goossens, Tilburg University
Partners: Association of Netherlands Municipalities (VNG), Berenschot B.V., Blockchain Projects Dutch Government (blockchainprojects.nl), Central Judicial Collection Agency (CJIB), CMS Derks Star Busmann N.V., Dutch Blockchain Coalition (DBC), Ledger Leopard B.V., Municipality of Tilburg, Platform voor de InformatieSamenleving (ECP), Privacy First, Smals, Vereniging Juridische Kwaliteitszorg lokaal bestuur (VJK).
To improve its services, the Dutch government is developing blockchain applications in collaboration with companies. This can lead to complexity and uncertainty about the responsibilities of the government or the optimal shaping of rules. This project will investigate how blockchain can be designed in a transparent and legitimate manner so that citizens can trust the government.
3. Safeguarding democratic values in digital political practices
How critical micro-targeting influences Dutch democracy
Main applicant: Prof. N. Helberger, University of Amsterdam
Partners: AlgorithmWatch, WhoTargetsMe, ProDemos, DATACTIVE Ideas Lab
Political parties send citizens customised messages. By doing that, they hope to acquire more votes. Advantages (for example, possibly more political involvement) and disadvantages (possibly misleading citizens) are associated with this. This project will investigate the opportunities and threats of micro-targeting and how these threats can be limited and the opportunities utilised.
4. Making the hidden visible: Co-designing for public values in standards-making and governance
Citizenship and standard-setting in digital networks
Main applicant: Dr S. Milan, University of Amsterdam
Partner: Royal Netherlands Standardization Institute (NEN)
Society trusts digital infrastructure. The standards that these infrastructures must satisfy are scarcely visible. It is often incorrectly assumed that the standards are neutral. This research will determine which influence standard development has on the rights of citizens. Together with stakeholders, this project will develop an approach to improve standards and make these more social.
5. Disastrous Information: Embedding “Do No Harm” principles into innovative geointelligence workflows for effective humanitarian action
Data and disaster management
Main applicant: Prof. J. Zevenbergen, University of Twente
Partner: UNICEF Malawi
Digital data collected for predicting and responding to natural disasters, collected from satellite and drone images and AI algorithms, puts public values, such as privacy, under pressure. This project develops technical and legislative solutions for using these values worldwide in humanitarian actions and drone training courses.